Part II of Jens Pedersen’s paper for MSS: Making Sense of a Thorny Separation. Part I can be read here: The Political Economy in North Sudan and Internal Politics and Part II here – Internal Dynamics of the South In Abyei, various aspects of the implementation of the CPA, such as the separate referendum for the area, the border demarcation and security agreements made and eventually abandoned, have all but hampered the entire CPA implementation. The referendum in Abyei initially stalled and eventually never took place, mainly due to lack of political ability and will to address the thorny issue of voter eligibility. One reason is probably that it was a calculated decision based on the assumption, that an approval of the greater referendum in Southern Sudan would be enough to ensure some acceptance and hard needed credibility for the NCP government. However, in the period leading up to and following the referendum, the area of Abyei, including areas of Greater Bahr el Ghazal, witnessed increased levels of insecurity, through aerial bombardments and militia attacks. Several of these aerial bombardments, were later confirmed by the UN mission in Sudan (UNMIS). Still, the negotiations regarding the Abyei issue, in the same […]
South Kordofan and Nuba Mountains – Timely Humanitarian Interventionism or yet Another Passive Rwanda-Like Inaction?
By Ahmed Hassan I sat sipping my mint-flavored black tea hurriedly on one of these small teashops on the way from Kadougli to El-Obied. I could not stand the sound of the jet fighters patrolling the skies on their unholy missions. I just needed to leave the place before things got more complicated. In front of me, on that small plastic chair, sat an element of the so called “Abu Tira” forces, a synonym for the Central Reserve Forces of the government, drinking a black coffee and boasting: “….our commanders gave us crystal clear orders: take no hostages, we do not have jails or food for any POW, just shoot to kill any of these rebels you may find on your way…” I have never been an admirer of Dr. Nafie A. Nafie, but for the first time in my life I appreciated his courageous reaching and signing of the Partnership Agreement between the NCP and the SPLMN in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, on June 28, 2011. An agreement that sets new grounds for a continued peace process and for ceasing of hostilities in South Kordofan to end the current nightmare of atrocities, and to enable the flow of relief to […]
By Charlie Clements Charles De Long was the U.S. Minister to Japan in 1871. After an incident in which an Okinawan vessel was shipwrecked in Taiwan and a number of its passengers murdered, De Long encouraged the Japan to falsely claim the Okinawans as Japanese wards and use the incident as pretext to wrest Taiwan away from China by force. Minister De Long assured the Japanese Foreign Minister that according to Western international law, Taiwan “would in the final analysis be subject to possession by the country successfully holding it.” Last week President al-Bashir needed no coaching on “˜Western international law’ to assure him that in the final analysis, the Abyei region of Sudan would be subject to whomever successfully held it. Under the cover of clouds, which for two days obscured the region from the cameras in low-earth orbits of Satellite Sentinel, a consortium that has been monitoring and reporting on the militarization in and around Abyei for four months, invaded the area. The Sudanese Armed Forces accompanied by Misseriya militias used aerial bombardment, tanks, and artillery to quickly rout Southern People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) forces and police from the area, terrorizing tens of thousands of civilians to flee. […]